Table of contents:
- What is HTML?
- What is CSS?
- Difference Between HTML and CSS
If you have just started your journey to learn website designing, then you must have come access to two major languages – HTML and CSS. In general, many call it to be the language for the front end, whereas some call it the language to design the user interface.
Precisely, whenever you open a website, everything that you can see is the front end. As you continue to explore the website, you come across the header, footer, scroll bar, transition, page layout, page loading phase, etc. Although the views of the website on distinct devices are different, they all have been built with HTML and CSS.
In order to evaluate your skills in the Programming & Frameworks platform, CSS Training helps a lot.
HTML and CSS go hand in hand yet have differences. This article will deal with the difference between HTML and CSS deeps.
What is HTML?
HTML is an abbreviation for Hypertext markup language. Before understanding what HTML is, let us help you by defining what hypertext and markup language is-
One of the fundamental aspects of the World Wide Web is hypertext, and web pages are frequently created using the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). Hypertext is the text displayed on a mobile or computer screen or other electronic gadget and contains links (hyperlinks) to further material that the reader can access immediately. Links between hypertext documents are known as hyperlinks, and they are often activated by a mouse click, keypress combination, or touch of the screen. In addition to text, tables, graphics, and other presentational content types with incorporated hyperlinks are occasionally referred to as “hypertext.” Hypertext, as it is used on the Web, makes publishing material across the Internet simple.
A markup language is a collection of rules that stipulate what markup information can be used in a document and how we should mix it with the content to make it easier for people and computer systems to utilize. For creating web pages, HTML is a standard markup language. It also describes the structure of web pages and creates a link between them.
Here are the critical features of hypertext markup language due to which it has gotten popular over the years:
Simple and easy-to-use: HTML can be written using annotations known as tags. The structure that tags provide for HTML helps both people and browsers understand the content effectively. This feature makes HTML user-friendly. Although HTML has hundreds of built-in tags, a developer only needs to be familiar with a small number of them for everyday use. All tags have worth, of course, even though many aren’t used in typical development.
SEO becomes your forte: The biggest USP (Unique Selling Point) of HTML5 is SEO (Search Engine Optimisation). With the development of search engines like Google, Yahoo!, DuckDuckGo, and others, you can access a wealth of knowledge. These search engines gather information from the World Wide Web by employing computer programs known as web crawlers.
Wide platform independency: A browser, which can be found on practically any device with a primary Operating System, is what runs HTML. You would be aware that even older Nokia phones with Symbian OS could open HTML pages if you had used mobile phones before the advent of smartphones.
Its Semantic structure: HTML5 specifies distinctive tags to annotate various elements for their respective functions. For instance, the <article> tag is utilized to annotate page content. The content that is represented by the <aside> element is unrelated to the main subject of the page. <header>, <footer>, <div>, the paragraph tag <p>, and the tag that is most frequently used for page navigation, the <a> tag, are further significant components.
Supports various media: Due to its ability to display images, video, and audio, HTML has outstanding media-playing capabilities. The introduction of the video> and audio> tags in HTML5 has become much more straightforward. Of course, HTML5 allows you to do more than play video; you can specify controls, add images to buttons, and even programmatically control playback. A special mention should also be made of the <figure> tag, which has transformed how images are rendered on browsers. Along with the <figure> tag, we can use the <figcaption> to indicate captions.
What is CSS?
Cascading Style Sheets are referred to as CSS. CSS explains how HTML elements should appear on screens, printed materials, or other media. The color of the text, the font style, the spacing between paragraphs, the size and arrangement of columns, the background pictures or colors used, layout designs, differences in display for various devices and screen sizes, and a variety of other effects can all be controlled using CSS.
Although CSS is simple to grasp and learn, it offers substantial control over how an HTML document is presented. CSS is mostly used in alliance with HTML or XHTML as markup languages. Here are its features-
Opportunity in Web Design: CSS and HTML knowledge are a requirement for everyone who wants to start a professional career in web design.
Website designing: Creating a website With the aid of CSS, we can control a wide range of styles, including text color, font style, paragraph spacing, column size and layout, background color, and image color, layout design, display variants for various screen and device sizes, as well as many other effects.
Web Control: CSS is simple to learn and offers the ability to control HTML content. The markup languages XHTML and HTML are incorporated with it.
Difference Between HTML and CSS
Although HTML and CSS go hand in hand, there are a few differences between them that we need to know to distinguish them and understand our requirements.
|HTML is a markup language.||CSS is a style sheet language.|
|It is used to create a structure of a web page.||It accounts for the presentation of documents written with the help of markup language.|
|All the HTML files are saved with either .html or .htm extension||All the CSS files are saved with .css extension|
|In a CSS file, HTML can’t be used.||In HTML files, CSS can be used|
|It consists of tags, and inside them, texts are enclosed.||It consists of declaration blocks and selectors|
|HTML doesn’t support transitions and animations.||CSS helps to improve UI as it supports transitions and animations.|
|Using HTML, you can insert images, hyperlinks, and videos.||With the necessary indentation, padding, and other types of styling, such as border colour, CSS sets those photos, videos, and other content in the proper placements for amazing visuals.|
Now that you are well versed in the difference between HTML and CSS, you might observe the change in your perspective. You can know to understand the syntax and design a beautiful and robust website from scratch. Moreover, this not only makes you a good website designer, but it will also help you understand and resolve the issue related to user interface and user experience.
Since websites are the gateway to any business, most businesses demand a great website with an amazing user interface. It not only influences the customers to buy the product or service but also insists they share it in their groups. So, if you are able to gain pro-level hands-on for HTML and CSS, you have just moved a step ahead to reach the position of top website designer and developer globally.
I am Korra Shailaja, Working as a Digital Marketing professional & Content writer in MindMajix Online Training. I Have good experience in handling technical content writing and aspire to learn new things to grow professionally. I am an expert in delivering content on the market demanding technologies like Mulesoft Training, Dell Boomi Tutorial, Elasticsearch Course, Fortinet Course, PostgreSQL Training, Splunk, Success Factor, Denodo, etc.